Wednesday, August 7, 2013



The Epoch Times   AUTHOR:  Ivan Pentchoukov 

Source URL:

DATE:    06.08.2013

SUMMARY: "No one today can tell if the food they buy is made from
genetically modified organisms (GMO), unless they buy organic. Three
quarters of processed foods on store shelves in the United States contain
GMO-based ingredients."

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No one today can tell if the food they buy is made from genetically modified
organisms (GMO), unless they buy organic. Three quarters of processed foods
on store shelves in the United States contain GMO-based ingredients.

No scientific consensus exists on the safety of GMOs: Some independent
studies claim they are safe, while others have identified a range of
hazards, including cancer, infertility, and birth defects. Most genetically
modified foods also contain the herbicides they were engineered to resist,
the health effects of which are likewise uncertain.

Labeling products that contain GMOs is crucial, advocates say.

 It s unknown what the health consequences could be; that s why you label
it,  said Michael Hansen, Ph.D., a senior scientist at the Consumers Union,
at a New York State Assembly committee public hearing on July 30.

The public has shown overwhelming support for GMO labeling in dozens of
surveys conducted over more than a decade. In an MSNBC poll in 2011, 96
percent of over 45,000 respondents said that GMOs should be labeled.

The effort to label GMOs has met with resistance on the federal level for
more than a decade, aided by over half a billion dollars spent on lobbying
by biotechnology giants like Monsanto, DuPont, and Dow Chemical, according
to Food & Water Watch, a Washington, D.C.-based nonprofit. The
well-documented revolving door between these companies and federal
regulators is seen by some as a contributing factor as well.

State-Level Labeling

Frustrated with failed efforts in Washington, supporters of GMO labeling
have taken their fight to the states. New York is now moving into the
crosshairs, after labeling bills passed in neighboring Connecticut and

Following more than a decade in limbo at the State Legislature, a New York
GMO labeling bill is gaining momentum. Versions of the bill have been
introduced in Albany every year since 2001. For the first time in 13 years,
the bill, A3525A, has made it to the Consumer Affairs and Protection
Committee. Jeffrey Dinowitz, the committee chairman, supports the bill and
vowed to bring it for a vote when State Assembly reconvenes in early 2014.

If passed, the bill would require all foods in New York state that contain
genetically modified ingredients to carry the words  Produced With Genetic
Engineering  on the front or back packaging panels.

The most common genetically modified foods are corn, canola, soybeans, and
sugar beets. The bill would not affect fresh produce, a vast majority of
which is not genetically modified. It also does not apply to animal products
like milk, eggs, and meat, even if the animals consumed genetically
engineered feed.

Key Connecticut legislators urged New York lawmakers on July 29 to pass a
GMO labeling bill. Connecticut s labeling law, enacted earlier this year,
cannot take effect until four other states, including a border state such as
New York, with a combined population of 20 million pass a similar
legislation. This provision was added because the state wants to be able
share the costs of what some see as an inevitable lawsuit by biotechnology

Support and Opposition

The body of opposition to GMO labeling comprises lobbyists and scientists
funded by biotechnology companies, food industry groups, and farmers who
depend on genetically engineered seeds and the herbicides they are designed
to withstand.

One of the core arguments employed by these groups is that the decision to
label GMO products should be left up to the Food and Drug Administration

Supporters of GMO labeling point out that the FDA has largely remained on
the sidelines. The agency s stance on GMOs is based on a decision it made in
1999, citing studies conducted by Monsanto in the early 1980s.

Labeling opponents say that if the FDA deemed genetically engineered foods
unsafe, it would label them so. However,  the FDA does not label if the
product is unsafe or considered to be unhealthful,  noted Andrew Kimbrell,
executive director of the Center for Food Safety.  If something is proven to
be unsafe, they take it off the shelves.

The FDA labels for material facts, Kimbrell said. Ingredients that are
present but cannot be identified by taste, smell, and sight have to be
listed on the label.

The FDA has never conducted its own tests on GMOs and maintains that
labeling is not necessary since they are the same as traditional foods.
Kimbrell thinks the agency s stance is questionable, since the U.S. Patent
and Trademark Office has issued hundreds of patents to biotechnology
companies for their genetically modified products, certifying that they are
unique inventions.

 So which is it?  asked Kimbrell.  Nothing new here? Then take away all your

The opposition contends that GMO labeling would be misleading to consumers.

 We believe that this legislation is deeply flawed because it would impose a
mandatory label which suggests that food products derived from biotechnology
are potentially unsafe for consumption,  said Louis Finkel, executive
director of government affairs at the Grocery Manufacturers Association.
 Such a label would be inherently misleading. There is overwhelming
agreement among regulatory and scientific bodies in the U.S. and around the
world that these products are, in fact, safe.

Contrary to Finkel s statement, no clear scientific agreement has been
reached on the issue: Dozens of recent studies have identified tangible
health issues with consuming GMOs, while many others have also deemed them

No agreement exists among regulatory bodies as well. GMOs are not labeled in
the United States, the largest producer of genetically modified foods in the
world. However, 64 other countries, including the entire European Union,
Russia, China, and Japan, already label GMOs.

Farmers who grow GMO crops argue that labeling would increase food costs and
put their businesses under undue stress. Advocates say the labeling law does
not place any restrictions on the cultivation of GMO crops or the sale of
GMO seeds and associated herbicides.

 It s going to increase costs,  said Eric Ooms, a dairy farmer and a member
of the New York Farm Bureau, which opposes GMO labeling.  In California,
when they were looking at Proposition 37, it was determined that the food
costs would go up $400 per family [per year].

Proposition 37 refers to a GMO labeling bill that failed to pass in
California, following a $46 million opposition campaign by biotechnology
giants like Monsanto and DuPont.

The study that calculated the $400 per family cost increase was funded by
the campaign against GMO labeling. An independent study conducted later by
the Emory University School of Law concluded that  no increases in prices as
a result of the relabeling [would be] required.

Food and grocery manufacturers have pointed out that mandatory labeling
would drive up product cost because new packaging would have to be printed.
However, a simple survey of store shelves reveals that product packaging is
changed routinely for marketing purposes.

Luther Van Giddings, Ph.D., a GMO labeling opponent, said that from his
personal experience, food prices in Europe have increased since the
mandatory GMO labeling was introduced.

David Byrne, former commissioner for Health and Consumer Protection in the
European Parliament, stated that the implementation of GMO labeling in
Europe in 1997  did not result in increased costs, despite the horrifying
[double-digit] prediction of some interests.

The push to label genetically modified foods is not rooted entirely in cost,
health, and safety concerns.

 Some people may have ethical or religious concerns about the whole concept
of transferring a gene from one life form to another,  noted Laura Haight,
senior environmental associate at the New York Public Interest Group.

The right to be informed is a rallying point for all supporters of the bill.

 As consumers in New York, we think it s critical to have that label for us
to choose what we want to eat,  said David Byrnes, founder of Good Boy
Organics.  This is a right-to-know issue. This is very simple we all have
the right to know what s in our food.

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